Cybersecurity, computer security or just computer forensics is the prevention of malicious computer attacks, either from outside sources or from a breach within an organization’s computer systems. Cybersecurity has become a growing concern for businesses in the recent years, due to the increasing cases of corporate attacks on business information. These cases may include stealing employee information, sabotage of important data or a breach of network security. In most cases, malicious attacks come from internet penetrations of organizations’ computer systems.
Computer attacks come from two directions – from attackers who want to intrude on organizations and data, and from third parties who want to intrude on the organizations’ computer systems in order to collect information that they believe is available. There are several types of cyber security measures that are applied to deter cyber crimes, including firewalls, anti-virus programs, information security monitoring and reporting, and identification, and warnings systems. Prevention is the best approach to protecting your company against these attacks. You can do this by:
Maintain awareness of your industry and your environment. Assess your employees, your networks, and the systems in your industry to identify areas that could be at risk for attack. Do regular risk assessments and alert security personnel if changes are required in any aspect of your operations. If a cyber crime does occur, conduct an effective investigation to identify the attackers, the method used, and any collateral that was compromised during the cyber crime operation.
Manage your networks. Most attacks on companies’ computers involve network attacks. If your company stores sensitive personal information, such as credit card numbers or social security numbers, consider using firewalls, antivirus programs, and other software that are designed to block viruses and other cyber attacks that threaten your network. Do not share your company’s confidential information over the internet, even with officials from your financial institution or the Better Business Bureau, because there is a chance that hackers can obtain your personal information.
Exercise caution when giving away information. Secure your business computer network, your network’s applications, and your documents. Only give away what you need to, and always use passwords and other security measures. Consider using an information security monitoring service that will help you determine cyber threats and their effect on your business. You can also contact your local law enforcement agency to coordinate a response to potential cyber attacks. Your local law enforcement can provide information on cyber threats and their prevention and protection.
Monitor your company’s intranet. Many attacks occur through a hole in the company’s network that is easily exploited through a social engineering attack or a false online confidence. If you find that hackers have gained access to your intranet, you can use the sniffer program to determine what software was installed, how it was used, and if any of it was malicious software. In addition, be sure to monitor your company’s email systems to detect the prevalence of phishing emails. Be especially wary if you observe an increase in phishing attacks, and report any unusual activity to your security firm.